The Biogas Association’s RNG as a Vehicle Fuel project is now complete. Please see the Closing the Loop page for the implementation phase of this project.
We are reaching our target audience, municipalities, through collaboration with several organizations.
The Biogas Association and Union Gas delivered a webinar hosted by the Clean Air Partnership for its Clean Air Council members. The webinar raised awareness of RNG as a Vehicle Fuel.
In March, 2014, Quality Urban Energy Systems of Tomorrow (QUEST) and the Biogas Association created the RNG Working Group. It is made up of municipalities, utilities and consultants interested in developing RNG. The group is working to create communications tools and bring awareness of the benefits of RNG as a vehicle fuel.
Through the working group, the Biogas Association is working with several municipalities.
Each municipality has different circumstances and interests, and a separate workplan has been developed by the Biogas Association for each municipality.
Producers and consumers of RNG need to enter into a legal agreement. In the absence of any regulatory regime in Ontario regarding RNG volume requirements or pricing, contracts must be drafted that cover a number of considerations. While each contract will be different, the RNG as a Vehicle Fuel project includes a checklist for producers and consumers of RNG to consider as a contract is drafted. The checklist, developed by Saxe Law Office, is available upon request from the Biogas Association.
A financial template for producers was developed by the Biogas Association and Bio-en Power. The values specific to Bio-en Power’s project have been removed and Bio-en Power has provided permission for the template to be distributed to other producers.
Calculating the reduction in greenhouse emissions from gasoline or diesel to RNG is an important part of the business and environmental case that purchasers of RNG need to calculate.
In some instances, the quantification can be approximate. For example, a producer of RNG, such as a municipality that also plans to consume the fuel, will calculate the change in emissions for internal and reporting purposes. However, a company that is selling RNG will need to use a recognized methodology for quantifying, tracking and reporting emissions reductions from RNG.
There is no established methodology in Canada, such as Eco Logo. Bullfrog Power sells RNG to residential and business customers from a landfill in Quebec. It engaged ICF International to create a methodology and calculator. This is publicly available at this link: https://www.bullfrogpower.com/products/green_natural_gas_operating_criteria_and_quantification_methodology.pdf
For RNG purchasers that wish to use accepted standards, the biogas industry recommends customers use the California Air Resources Board analysis. Significant resources have gone into developing these calculations, which underpin their Low Carbon Fuel Standard. The analysis is available at this link: http://www.arb.ca.gov/fuels/lcfs/CleanFinalRegOrder112612.pdf
This project was funded in part through Growing Forward 2 (GF2), a federal-provincial-territorial initiative. The Agricultural Adaptation Council assists in the delivery of GF2 in Ontario.
The views expressed in this report are the views of the Biogas Association and do not necessarily reflect those of the governments of Canada and Ontario.
In 2013, the Biogas Association published Farm to Fuel: Developers’ Guide to Biomethane. It was created to build the production of biomethane, also called RNG, in Canada. The Guide helps farmers determine if biomethane production is a good fit for their farm and operations. For those farmers considering developing biogas systems, and upgrading the biogas to biomethane, the Guide walks them through the planning process, offering a check-list of questions to ask relevant technology and service providers. It also alerts farmers to important considerations, such as feedstock, financing, permits and safety.